ProTaper Gold rotary files feature the same geometry as ProTaper Universal, but offer an increase in flexibility. This is important in the finishing files, which must navigate challenging curves in the apical region of the canal. The files also feature a shorter, 11-millimeter handle for improve accessibility to teeth. In addition to flexibility, ProTaper Gold provides more than twice the resistance to cyclic fatigue than ProTrniversal. This provides a key advantage to clinicians since cyclic fatigue is the leading cause of file separation. ProTaper Gold uses the same rotary action and works with the same motors as ProTaper Universal.